AVENGERS is a Research and Innovation project funded under the Horizon Europe programme of the European Union. The project was funded under the call on “Climate sciences and responses (HORIZON-CL5-2022-D1-02)”. 

AVENGERS is coordinated by the Lund University Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science, in Sweden, and has 13 Partners from 6 countries. The project runs for 42 months from January 2023 to June 2026.

Attributing and Verifying European and National Greenhouse Gas and Aerosol Emissions and Reconciliation with Statistical Bottom-up Estimates – AVENGERS

The AVENGERS project will develop methodologies for the use of high-quality atmospheric data in national GHG inventory reports, in close cooperation between atmospheric scientists and inventory compilers. The project will apply several inverse modelling systems to estimate national GHG and aerosol emissions, and, with the help of case-studies based on user-stories, focus on key uncertainties in inventories.

AVENGERS objectives

The project’s overall objective is to reconcile reported GHG emissions with independent information from atmospheric observations using top-down methods and process-based models, and thereby reduce the most important uncertainties of national emission inventories. Specific objectives (SO 1-8) are shown in the graph below.

work structure

AVENGERS is structured around 7 Work Packages (WP). An 8th WP was later added to include the Climate & Atmosphere Research Center” (CARE-C) of the Cyprus Institute in the project through the “Hop-On Facility” – a mechanism to further extend the AVENGERS’ methodology to a geographical area (Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East).

Further elaboration on the work packages:

Our partners